Lumbar Spine

From Evidence-Based Physical Therapy: A Literature Review
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Assessment

Neurological Reflexes
Dermatomes
Myotomes
Cranial Nerves
Spasticity
Neurodynamics: LLLT
Musculoskeletal Palpation
Active Range of Motion
End-Feels
Manual Muscle Testing
Special Tests: Slump Test, Straight Leg Raise
Red Flags: Low Back
Cardiopulmonary Heart Rate, Blood Pressure, Oxygen Saturation, Respiration, Angina
Outcome Measures Lower Back, Pain
Image Studies Lumbar Spine
Medications Responses to Exercise

Treatment

Musculoskeletal Joint Mobilization: Grades as per Maitland, Movement Diagrams, Speed, Research